This condition leads to increased internal pain and swelling if not treated immediately as compared to normal people. Bleeding in joints and muscles can prove to be dangerous.
Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding condition that causes sudden uncontrolled bleeding after experiencing an injury or surgery. As we all know that internal bleeding is the most common type of bleeding and it is caused by low clotting factor levels which gives rise to many bleeding events, most of which occur in the joints.
These bleeding can occur spontaneously or due to trauma or injury. Dr. Harshvardhan Reddy, the Senior Gastroenterologist at Kamineni Hospital, Hyderabad, explains that this internal bleeding leads to pain and inflammation. Bleeding in joints and muscles can prove to be dangerous if not treated immediately as compared to normal people. Can cause permanent damage such as chronic pain and joint damage that may require corrective surgery.
What are its main signs and symptoms?
Patients with hemophilia have fewer clotting factors which may include factor VIII (8) or factor IX (9). The amount of these related clotting factors in a person’s blood determines the severity of their hemophilia and their condition.
This year’s theme is Access for All. The World Federation of Hemophilia, along with some of the world’s volunteers, does remarkable work with developing countries in their GAP and twinning programs. The HFA is currently associated with the Myanmar Hemophilia Patient Association as a part of the Twinning Programme.
types of hemophilia
There are two types of hemophilia
Hemophilia A (classic hemophilia)
• Haemophilia A is caused by a deficiency or deficiency in clotting factor VIII.
Haemophilia B (Christmas disease)
• Haemophilia B is caused by a deficiency or deficiency in clotting factor IX.
Some of the symptoms of hemophilia are discussed below-
• Bleeding from the joint
• Swelling, and pain or stiffness that can affect elbows, knees, and ankles.
• Hematoma (a medical term for bleeding in the skin, muscle, and soft tissue that causes a blood clot.)
• bleeding gums and mouth
• Non-stop bleeding after vaccination.
• Head bleeding after a complicated delivery.
• Blood appears in the urine or stool.
• Frequent and difficult to stop nose bleeds.
• Bleeding into the tissue surrounding the brain that can cause long-term problems, such as seizures and paralysis
How is hemophilia diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made by a genetic test, followed by genetic counseling. Haemophilia cannot be cured because of a genetic condition. Emergency medical care should be provided for people with severe hemophilia A and B because the main goal is to stop joint bleeding and its complications. Bleeding conditions in patients with hemophilia may require “factor VII” or “factor IX” replacement therapy.
Improved screening of blood and plasma donors secures plasma-derived factor VII and factor IX concentrations. For people with hemophilia A, viral safety should be the primary criterion for selecting from available blood transfusion products. For people with hemophilia B, higher purity factor IX concentrations must be used under certain conditions to help the blood clot. In all other cases, the use of prothrombin complex concentrates is also considered.
When should surgery be done?
Surgery for hemophilia patients should be performed during and after surgery until adequate treatment is available. Such procedures require close collaboration between physician, blood bank or pharmacy, surgeon, and coagulation laboratory staff.
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