Subcutaneous Emphysema: Injury Can Cause This Type Of Emphysema!

Emphysema is a problem related to the lungs. In this, there is damage to the air sacs of the lungs and the tissues start to deteriorate gradually. As the disease progresses, the affected person also starts having problems in breathing and performing daily activities.

There are several types of emphysema, one of which is subcutaneous emphysema. Today we will talk about this type of emphysema. Know what is subcutaneous emphysema. Along with this, also know about its treatment.

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What is Subcutaneous Emphysema? (Subcutaneous Emphysema)

Subcutaneous emphysema is also known as surgical emphysema. This is the condition when gas accumulates under the skin. Emphysema means air and subcutaneous refers to the location of the air.

This type of emphysema is not like other emphysema and this disease is also not caused by smoking. This disease can be due to any medical procedure, surgery, accident, injury or infection. Come, let us know in detail about this type of emphysema. Let’s start with its symptoms.

What are the symptoms of subcutaneous emphysema? (Symptoms of Subcutaneous Emphysema)

The problem of subcutaneous emphysema mostly occurs on the chest, neck or face. Because, all these organs are near to the lungs. However, this problem can also occur in other parts of the body. Not only this, men are more prone to this problem than women.

In mild cases of subcutaneous emphysema, the affected person often does not experience any symptoms. But in severe cases its symptoms can be very disturbing and in these cases there can be other complications.

The symptoms also depend on the underlying cause and which part of the body the problem is in. A person suffering from Subcutaneous Emphysema may experience the following symptoms:

  • Edema in the Affected Area
  • Crackling Sound when the Area is Palpated
  • When the skin is touched, it can make a crackling sound. This is called Crepitus. This helps doctors diagnose the condition. Therefore subcutaneous emphysema is also called chest crepitus.

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Its other symptoms are as follows:

  • Sore Throat
  • Neck Pain
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Difficulty Swallowing or Speaking/voice Changes
  • Bloating of the Abdomen

In severe cases of subcutaneous emphysema, this problem can also cause pacemaker failure, respiratory failure, etc. Let us now know about the causes of subcutaneous emphysema.

What are the causes of subcutaneous emphysema? (Causes of Subcutaneous Emphysema)?

There are three layers of our skin. The outermost layer is called the Epidermis, below that is the Dermis and then the Subcutaneous layer which is made up mostly of fat and connective tissue.

This is the same layer where air accumulates in the case of subcutaneous emphysema. This is a rare condition. But when this problem occurs, the possible reasons could be:

  • Collapsed Lung often Occurring with a Rib Fracture
  • Facial Bone Fracture
  • Rupture in the Airway
  • Rupture in the Esophagus or Gastrointestinal Tract

This condition can also be triggered by:

  • Blunt Trauma
  • Injuries
  • Breathing in Cocaine
  • Penetrating Trauma, such as Gunshot
  • Pertussis

Tubes are inserted into the body during certain medical procedures, including endoscopy, central venous line, bronchoscopy, etc. Air can be found between the skin layers of the arms and legs, etc., after gas gangrene or scuba diving. Know in which situations a doctor should be consulted immediately.

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When to Consult a Doctor?

According to Medline Plus, many conditions caused by subcutaneous emphysema are serious and require immediate medical attention. Sometimes hospitalization may also occur. This mostly happens when the problem is due to infection.

So measure and monitor these parameters in the patient and if you see significant changes in them, go to the doctor immediately. These parameters are as follows:

  • Oxygen Saturation
  • Temperature
  • Pulse
  • Breathing Rate
  • Blood Pressure

If a person has this problem, do not give fluid to the affected person in this condition. Do not move the person unless absolutely necessary. neck and p while shaking Protect T from further injury. Along with this, take medical help immediately.

Diagnosis of Subcutaneous Emphysema

To diagnose Subcutaneous Emphysema, the doctor will first ask the patient about its symptoms. Health history and physical examination may also be done. Apart from this, the doctor may also ask you to get this test done:

  • X-rays: X-rays of the chest and abdomen, and X-rays of other parts of the body that have been injured.
  • Computed tomography scan (CT Scan): This may show dark pockets of air in the subcutaneous layer. Not only this, it can also help in identifying the source of the air.
  • Laryngoscopy or Bronchoscopy: If it seems that this problem is due to an injury, then laryngoscopy or bronchoscopy can be done.
  • Ultrasound

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Edema caused by subcutaneous emphysema is sometimes mistaken for other conditions, such as allergic reactions. However, in the case of subcutaneous emphysema, the presence of crepitus and the absence of lip swelling is sufficient to differentiate between the two. This can help the doctor to differentiate between these conditions.

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